Sunderland Safeguarding Children Partnership

Contact Us

Child Abuse and Neglect

Child Abuse and Neglect +

Child abuse is any action by another person – adult or child – that causes significant harm to a child. It can be physical, sexual or emotional, but can just as often be about a lack of love, care and attention. We know that neglect, whatever form it takes, can be just as damaging to a child as physical abuse.

An abused child will often experience more than one type of abuse, as well as other difficulties in their lives. It often happens over a period of time, rather than being a one-off event. And it can increasingly happen online.

The NSPCC estimate that over half a million children are abused in the UK each year.

NSPCC Child Abuse and Neglect

The following describes the different forms of abuse and neglect:

Physical Abuse

When an adult deliberately hurts a child, such as hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, drowning or suffocating.

Emotional Abuse

This would happen, for instance, when a child is all the time being unfairly blamed for everything, or told they are stupid and made to feel unhappy.

Neglect

Where a child is not being looked after properly, for example, not getting enough to eat or being left alone in dangerous situations.

Child Sexual Abuse +

A child is sexually abused when they are forced or persuaded to take part in sexual activities or in the taking of rude photos. This doesn't have to be physical contact and it can happen online. Sometimes the child won't understand that what's happening to them is abuse. They may not even understand that it's wrong. Or they may be afraid to speak out.

That's why we're working to break the silence around child sexual abuse, and give children a voice when they desperately need support.

 The NSPCC have also developed the PANTS campaign to help younger children keep safe from sexual abuse.

   NSPCC Talk PantsNSPCC Talk Pants

Child Sexual Exploitation +

Child sexual exploitation (CSE) is a type of sexual abuse. Children in exploitative situations and relationships receive something such as gifts, money or affection as a result of performing sexual activities or others performing sexual activities on them.

Children or young people may be tricked into believing they're in a loving, consensual relationship. They might be invited to parties and given drugs and alcohol. They may also be groomed and exploited online.

Some children and young people are trafficked into or within the UK for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Sexual exploitation can also happen to young people in gangs.

The Children’s Society describes sexual exploitation as: “Someone taking sexual advantage of you, for their own benefit. Through threats, bribes, violence, humiliation, or by telling you that they love you, they get you to do sexual things for their own, or other people’s benefit or enjoyment (including: touching or kissing private parts, sex, taking sexual photos).”

It’s not OK for someone to make or manipulate you into doing sexual things for the benefit or enjoyment of others.

It is a form of sexual abuse and it is against the law.

For example, someone may try and get you to do sexual things by:

  • offering you money
  • hurting or threatening to hurt you
  • humiliating or threatening to humiliate you
  • buying you presents
  • taking you out to places
  • giving you a place to stay
  • telling you that they love you

It’s not always easy to know when you are being sexually exploited, especially if it is your friend, boyfriend or girlfriend that is exploiting you. Learn how to spot the signs.

Barnardo’s Wud U? app is a free educational tool that aims to show young people the behaviours that could put them at risk of being sexually exploited, through illustrated, interactive stories.

Barnados Logo

Barnardo’s Wud U? app is a free educational tool that aims to show young people the behaviours that could put them at risk of being sexually exploited, through illustrated, interactive stories.

NSPCC Logo

NSPCC - The Story of Jay

Clare thought she knew video by CEOP

A number of videos are also available from the following link: http://knowaboutcse.co.uk/spot-the-signs/

Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation is NEVER ok. For support or if you’re concerned that a child has been sexually abused please contact the NSPCC 24 hour helpline Tel: 0808 800 5000 or email: help@nspcc.org.uk. If a child is at immediate risk of harm call 999.

Domestic Abuse +

Domestic abuse is any type of controlling, bullying, threatening or violent behaviour between people in a relationship. But it isn’t just physical violence – domestic abuse includes emotional, physical, sexual, financial or psychological abuse.

Abusive behaviour can occur in any relationship. It can continue even after the relationship has ended. Both men and women can be abused or abusers.

Domestic abuse can seriously harm children and young people. Witnessing domestic abuse is child abuse, and teenagers can suffer domestic abuse in their relationships.

Around 1 in 5 children have been exposed to Domestic Abuse, NSPCC have advice and information on their website.

Domestic abuse can happen in any relationship, and it affects young people too.

They may not realise that what's happening is abuse. Even if they do, they might not tell anyone about it because they're scared of what will happen, or ashamed about what people will think.

Wearside Women in Need (WWIN) provide refuge, advice and support to women and children suffering domestic violence.

Comments

Have your say...

Comments are closed for this article

What does it mean that I have a:

Social Worker?

CAMHS Worker?

Early Help Worker?

 

LGBT

 All children deserve to feel safe image

Images provided by children and young people